Benoît Tremblay Benoît Tremblay is Honorary Professor at HEC Montréal, where he teaches since 1976. He holds an MBA from HEC Montréal and a Doctorate from the École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris. One of the founders of the Study Centre for the Management of Co-operatives in 1975, he has been active as a researcher for many years and has served on the board of different cooperative organisations. In 1984, he was appointed Deputy Minister responsible for cooperative development in Quebec. He has been active in public life as a Member of the City of Montreal Council and a Member of the Executive Committee of the Montreal Urban Community and Finance and Economic Development Commission’s President. In 1988, he has been elected Member of the Canadian Federal Parliament and nominated as Parliamentary Secretary for Industry, Science and Technology.Back to HEC Montréal in 1997, he focused his research on two main topics: the manager’s craft and the development of the financial services cooperatives in the world. From 2001 to 2010, he was Director of the Desjardins Centre for Studies in Management of Financial Services Cooperatives. His research has led to the creation of the International Observatory on Financial Services Cooperatives, which includes a Database on the Institutions, a Virtual Library and a Simulation.